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 we love jordan

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عدد المساهمات : 29
تاريخ التسجيل : 05/06/2011
العمر : 36
الموقع : www.bilaledelat5.blogspot.com

مُساهمةموضوع: we love jordan   الإثنين يونيو 06, 2011 9:16 pm

Jordan ([color:5bc9=#00e]i /ˈɔrdən/: Arabic: الأردن, Al-'Urdunn), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Arabic: المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), Al-Mamlaka al-Urduniyya al-Hashemiyya) and also known as JK (short for The Jordanian Kingdom), is a kingdom on the East Bank of the River Jordan. The country borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank to the west, sharing control of the Dead Sea. Jordan's only port is at its south-western tip, at the Gulf of Aqaba, which is shared with Israel, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia. Much of Jordan is covered by the Arabian Desert. However, the north-western part of Jordan is part of the Fertile Crescent. The capital city is Amman.
Modern Jordan was founded in 1921, and it was recognized by the league of nations as a state under the British mandate in 1922 known as The Emirate of transjordan. In 1946, Jordan joined the United nations as an independent sovereign state officially known as the Hashemite kingdom of Jordan.
In ancient times, the now a day Jordan was in the heart of the earlier civilizations which prospered in the Fertile Crescent including the Babylonian and the Canaanites. Later, Jordan became a home for several ancient kingdoms including: the kingdom of Edom, the kingdom of Moab, the kingdom of Ammon and the prominent Nabataean kingdom of Petra. However, across different eras of history, parts of the country laid under the control of some regional powers including the Pharaonic Egypt during their wars with the Babylonian and the Hetites; and for discrete periods of times by Israelites whose been taken under the captivity of the Babylonian, and whose been later defeated by the Moabites as recorded in Mesha stele. Furthermore, and due to its strategic location in the middle of the ancient world, Jordan was also controlled by the ancient empires of Greek, the Persians, the Romans and later by the Byzantine. Yet, the Nabataean managed to create their independent kingdom which covered most part of modern Jordan and beyond, for some centuries, before it been over taken by the still expanding Roman empire. However, apart from Petra, the Romans maintained the prosperity of most of the ancient cities in Jordan which enjoined a sort of city-states autonomy under the umbrella of the alliance of the Decapolis. With the decline of the Roman Empire, Jordan became under the control of the Ghassanid Arab kingdom. In the seventh century, and due to its proximity to Damascus, Jordan became a heartland for the Arabic Islamic Empire and therefore secured several centuries of stability and prosperity, which allowed the coining of its current Arabic Islamic identity. In the 11th century, Jordan witnessed an era phase of instability, as it became a battle field for the Crusade wars which ended with defeat by the Ayyobis. Jordan suffered also from the Mongol attacks which was blocked by Mamluks. In 1516, It became part of the Ottoman Empire and it remained until 1918, when the Army of the Great Arab Revolt took over, and secured the now a day Jordan with the help and support of Jordan local tribes.
As witness of the Jordanian rich history, the Nabataean civilization left many magnificent archaeological sites at Petra, which is considered one of the New Seven Wonders of the World as well as been recognized by the UNISCO as a world Heritage. Beside Petra, other civilization also left their archaeological fingerprints on Jordan including the Hellenistic and the Roman through their ruins in Decapolis cities of Gerasa (Jerash), Gadara (Umm Qais), Amman(Amman), Capitolias (Beit Ras), Raphana, Pella and Arabella (Irbid) and the Byzantine site of Um er-Rasas (a UNESCO World Heritage Site). The Arabic Islamic Empire also left its unique architectural signature which is embodied by dessert palaces including Qasr Mshatta, Qasr al Hallabat and Qasr Amra which is recognized as World Heritage; in addition to the castles of Ajloun and Karak which combine the Crusade, Ayyobi and Mumlouk eras all together. The more recent Ottomans left some landmarks including several mosques, tombs, small railway stations and castles.
Modern Jordan is predominantly urbanized. Jordan is classified as a country of "high human development" by the 2010 Human Development Report.[6] Furthermore, The Kingdom has been classified as an emerging market with a free market economy by the CIA World Fact Book. It has more Free Trade Agreements than any other country in the region. It has a "pro-Western" regime with very close relations with the United Kingdom and the United States, and became a major non-NATO ally of the United States in 1996. The Jordanian Government is one of only three members of the 22 state Arab League to have diplomatic relations with Israel, the others being the Egyptian and Palestinian governments.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14] It is a founding member of the Arab League,[15] the WTO,[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23] the AFESD,[24] the Arab Parliament,[25] the AIDMO, the AMF,[26] the IMF,[27][28] the International Criminal Court,[29] the UNHRC,[30] the GAFTA, the GCC,[31] the ESCWA,[32] the ENP[33][34][35] and the United Nations.[36] Jordan enjoys "advanced status" with the European Union.[37]
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عدد المساهمات : 11
تاريخ التسجيل : 08/06/2011
العمر : 20

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: we love jordan   الأربعاء يونيو 08, 2011 6:36 pm

System of government in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy, has ruled since1952 by His Majesty King Hussein may God have mercy on him. Following his death in February of 1999, took his eldest son Abdullah, ascended the throne. The executive power is vested in the Jordan Council of Ministers appointed by the king and be accountable to the House of Representatives and the Senate. The King appoints the five members of the session in the Senate, while the members are elected Aalmaip and ten in the House of Representatives, and the Constitutional provisions define the rights and duties of Jordanian citizens and ensure freedom of worship and of opinion and the press and private property and the establishment of associations.

The climate of political and social stability that Jordan has enjoyed for decades under the Hashemite leadership is continuing under the leadership of His Majesty King Abdullah II, The new King approach his father's reform goal, led the country towards integration into the global economy through the activation of programs of privatization and trade liberalization and economic development comprehensive and forward update laws and regulations and streamline procedures for an open and transparent.


Geographic Location and History

Jordan is located at the junction of Europe, Asia and Africa where contains an area amounting to 89.3 thousand km 2 nature of the diverse geography, Vostha plateaus and mountains, and northern plains of the desert which stretches east towards Iraq and Saudi Arabia, while a Jordan River flowing through the Jordan Valley, fertile borders of West Jordan. Jordan River and empties into the Dead Sea this body of water which is at the lowest spot in the world, with a depth of 400 m below sea level.Further south, there is a port of Aqaba to Jordan, which provides an outlet to the Red Sea.

I have tried many civilizations to control the Jordan for its strategic location, has undergone some parts of Jordan many times in the control of the Sumerians, the people of Mesopotamia and a number of other empires, and have been the ultimate control of the classical civilizations of Greek, Romanian and Farsi.

Has ruled Jordan since the seventh century AD, many of the Arab and Islamic dynasties, the last of the Ottoman Empire (1516 - 1918) has developed what was called in 1920 "across the Jordan / Transjordan" under the British Mandate by the League of Nations. With the end of the British Mandate in 1946, became the area "across the Jordan," now called "the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan" independent and governed by a constitutional monarchy.


Climate

Dry weather prevails Jordan moderate temperatures ranging degrees in the winter during the month of January in Amman from 7 to 10 degrees Celsius, while the range of 23 to 27 degrees Celsius during the month of June. The average rainfall ranges from less than 50 mm to over 600 mm in some areas of the state. This is known as Oman, which rises 950 meters above the cool, dry nights even in the height of summer.


Population

Jordan has a population about 6.5 million people, equal ratio of males to females, where almost 52% of male and female 48% of the population, and the country is young, with 40% of the population for 15 years, and only 3% over the age of 65 years.

The predominant religion is Islam, where Muslims are Sunni 92% of the population, Christians make up 6%, while the remainder are Shia Muslims, Sunni Circassians, Chechens, Druze and Baha'is. The beginning of the Muslim New Year and other Islamic holy days are public holidays.


Language

Arabic is the official language of the state, as English is spoken widely, especially in business.


Currency

The unit of currency is the Jordanian dinar

Time

Time is two hours ahead of GMT in winter and three hours in the summer, or before Eastern Time United States of America in seven hours. Work is daylight saving time from April through September of each year.


Days and hours of work

Most of the crashes of special interests on Friday as the weekly holiday, while banks and government offices close on Friday and Saturday. This has identified the Jordanian Labour Law of the workweek to 48 hours except for workers in hotels, restaurants, cinema and those who reported their hours of work 54 hours weekly. The days of annual paid holidays 14 days, while the 21 days for workers over a period of five years of service with the same employer.
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we love jordan
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